Istanbul University, Turkey
Title: Assessment of integrated coastal zone management in the Sea of marmara
Biography: Abdullah Bayraktar
Coastal zones are critical areas with their cultural values along with their specific ecological features. Especially by the means of minimizing the environmental pressure on the coastal zones, regarding the conservation and productive use balance, improving the ecological planning approaches is crucial in terms of maintainability of these critical areas. Marmara Region is one of areas of Turkey where industrialization and urbanizing take place the most. Therefore, the Marmara Sea coastal areas face with the problem of massive industrialization and urbanization. “Integrated Coastal Zone Management” notion emerging from need of usage of coastal zones in the developed countries is an important development for the favorable and useful maintainability of the coasts. All coasts are under environmental pressure and it can be said that it is performed in only a certain number of developed countries. Coastal zones of Turkey are mostly considered as source of income rather than for human benefit. Unfettered usage of activities suck as port activities, fishing, transportation, storage, tourism, nuclear power station, socio-cultural activities etc. in the coasts are has being causing the coasts to fall into ruin in a short span of time.. As a result of this rapid and haphazard urbanizing, ecological balance of the sea is exposed to a great deal of deterioration. That reduce in the amount of the oxygen to the minimum level in the interface of Marmara Sea became a threat for the living being-environment relation. What it must be done is to benefit from the unutterable advantages of coasts with the help of modern technology, without damaging ecological environment or minimizing the damage, according to the human needs. All kinds of factors which may cause pollution for maintainable usage of coastal and sea zones must be monitored. In a study conducted, Evaluation of Integrated Coastal Zones in Marmara Sea was carried out and problems were profoundly included.